1.800.265.1914
Call Now1.800.265.1914

Tiny Home Construction Bi-Laws & Municipal Requirements

January 24, 2020

tiny home construction bi-laws and municipal requirements

With rising energy prices, potential upcoming energy shortages, and a high cost of living in many areas of Ontario, more and more homeowners are becoming interested in cost-effective homes. Tiny homes are just one of many that are catching the eyes of energy conscious people across Ontario. A tiny home is a small yet functional home that contains all the normal amenities of a traditional home - making it an attractive and affordable option for many. 

A building need to meet specific requirements to be classified as a tiny home. These requirements cab based on the local municipal bi-laws, and general guidelines. While the minimum size may vary by location due to tiny home municipal bi-laws, to be called as such, a tiny home needs to:

  • Be small and able to be used year round.
  • Meet the requirements of the Ontario Building Code for health and safety, 
  • Have usable hookups for necessary services such as water and sewage,
  • Have a functioning kitchen and bathroom, 
  • Have areas for dining, living, and sleeping

The Tiniest Tiny Home

The in-depth parameters for each of these requirements, such as the minimum ceiling height of a living space or the required width of a hallway, can be found in the downloadable PDF from the Government of Ontario’s guide for building or buying a tiny home.

Tiny home construction

It is worth noting that while municipal bi-laws may set a specific minimum size, tiny home construction bi-laws dictate that the absolute smallest a home can be is 17.5 ft2 (188ft2) and 37m(400 ft2 ) at its largest. These size parameters allow for the construction of a cozy home with extremely high levels of energy efficiency due to its reduced size, while still allowing for enough living space. Also, since there is less space to heat and cool than a traditional home, less energy needs to be used to keep the home at a comfortable temperature - making the cost of living significantly lower.

Zoning Requirements and Tiny Home Municipal Bi-Laws

Zoning requirements are also important to follow, as some lots will not work for tiny home construction. They may require further municipal approval, the lot may be too small due to local requirements or to meet setbacks, and / or the lot may not have proper access for emergency services. Tiny home construction bi-laws also require that every newly built home needs to meet the requirements of the Canadian Standards Association and pass the building inspection that occurs during construction - even if the home was built off-site and shipped to the final location. Also, just like every other newly built home in Ontario, you will need to have warranty protection from Tarion’s Ontario New Home Warranties Plan

Tiny home municipal bi-laws dictate your zoning - i.e. where they can be built. There are several requirements that may need to be met in order to build within a specific area or municipality.

These include:

  • Minimum lot size
  • Minimum residential building size
  • Distance from lot lines and/or a public street
  • Height requirements
  • Parking needs
  • Location of exits
  • Access to municipal services (sewage, electricity etc.)
  • Architectural design
  • Access for emergency services. 

If your property does not meet the zoning requirements for your municipality, there are two options that are commonly taken. You can apply for your lot to be rezoned through a zoning bi-law amendment, or apply for a minor variance. Rezoning is usually only required for large changes, such as if your lot is only zoned to allow one living residence on the property. 

For smaller changes, a minor variance is most often used. An example would be where the setbacks on a property (the minimum distance required between the lot line and the wall of a building) could not be completely met. In this case, a minor variance can be requested in order to still meet the requirements set out by the tiny home construction bi-laws for setback spacing. It is worth noting that your application for a minor variance can still be affected by a number of factors, such as any appeals made by neighbours about your zoning changes. 

The Best Insulation for Tiny Homes 

Tiny homes can come in all sorts of different shapes and designs, but they all share one feature - their relatively small size. This makes them extremely ideal for reaching high levels of energy efficiency and home comfort, as there is less space to insulate and air seal. Not only does this significantly lower heating and cooling costs, it also means you may not want to get a typical furnace. Instead, alternative heating options can be chosen, such as baseboard heaters or a ductless split system. Also, a heat recovery ventilator will always be required due to tiny home construction bi-laws, which allows for more energy efficient usage of your home’s heated or cooled air.

In terms of meeting the Ontario Building Code’s requirements for energy efficiency, it is crucially important that you work with a professional insulation installer and / or a building envelope specialist to ensure that you are properly and effectively insulating your new home build - since insulation and air sealing are the biggest contributors to overall energy efficiency. Even just a few air leaks can drastically affect a small building’s level of energy efficiency, and moisture build up can lead to further problems or expensive repairs down the road. For this reason, GNI strongly recommends that you get in contact with a professional before you start construction, which allows you to get an idea which insulation options and air sealing methods are the best for your home. Similarly, it is extremely helpful to contact an HVAC specialist to determine how your home could be most-effectively heated and cooled.

Great Northern Insulation has Experience with Tiny Homes

GNI are experts in the field of insulation. We have already helped with the construction of several - such as those that use a shipping container to build a comfortable, affordable, and energy efficient living space within a small area. In terms of which type of insulation to choose, it strongly depends on a number of other factors involved with your build - such as the climate in your region, your planned design / layout, and your local tiny home construction bi-laws. In addition to installing the type of insulation that fits your needs, including fiberglass, cellulose and spray foam, we also make sure that your tiny home is air sealed to make your already cozy tiny home even cozier.

Tiny Home Municipal Bi-Laws Can Vary by Region

Depending on where you live or are planning to build, the tiny home municipal bi-laws in your area may be largely different than in the rest of Ontario. There may be specific rules that affect how your home will have to look, its overall size, its zoning requirements, its access to necessary services such as sewage and water, and many others. The best way to learn about your local bi-laws is to contact your local municipality before you start construction. 

With their lower cost of living, more affordable construction costs, and smaller space requirements than traditional homes, tiny homes are becoming a viable and affordable option for many Ontario homeowners. To start a conversation with us about insulating and air sealing your tiny home, or to learn more about what to watch for before you start construction, our Customer Experience Team can be reached by telephone at 1-800-265-1914, or online at www.gni.ca/contact.

Western Ontario

935 Keyes Drive
Woodstock, Ontario
Canada N4V 1C3

Phone: 1-800-265-1914

Fax: (519) 539-7946
TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

Southwestern Ontario

7035 Industrial Drive
Comber, Ontario
Canada N0P 1J0

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

Muskoka, Haliburton, Northern Ontario

1027 Elwell Park Road
Gravenhurst, Ontario
Canada P1P 1R1

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

Central Ontario

29 Ferndale Industrial Drive
Barrie, Ontario
Canada L4N 9V5

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

GTA East

103 North Port Road
Port Perry, Ontario
Canada L9L 1B2

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

GTA & South Central Ontario

450 Industrial Dr,
Toronto (Milton), Ontario
Canada L9T 5A6

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

Eastern Ontario

1035 Moodie Dr #1,
Nepean, ON
K2R 1H4

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

Sarnia/Lambton

259 Campbell Street
Sarnia Ontario
Canada, N7T 2H3

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

Niagara Region

6260 Don Murie St
Niagara Falls, ON
L2G 0B4

TOLL FREE: 1-800-265-1914

BBB

Great Northern Insulation - Better Business Bureau Profile.

Homestars

Best of 2017

From reputation to responsiveness, HomeStars consistently ranks Great Northern Insulation at better than 95% for customer satisfaction. Thanks to everyone for the great ratings! 

HomeStars 2018

Best of 2018

For the second year in a row, HomeStars consistently ranks Great Northern Insulation at better than 95% for customer satisfaction. Thank you again to everyone!

Homestars Best of 2019 Award

Best of 2019

For the third year in a row, HomeStars ranked Great Northern Insulation at better than 95% for customer satisfaction.

Homestars Best of 2020 Award

Best of 2020

For four years now, HomeStars has ranked Great Northern Insulation at better than 95% for customer satisfaction.

Lowes

GNI is the Authorized & Trusted Insulation and Air Sealing Installer for Lowe’s

Enenrgy Savers

Energy Saving

Energy saving and energy efficiency is easier than one might think. Great Northern Insulation helps to identify performance issues, while taking advantage of improvement opportunities.

100% Canadian

100% Canadian

Great Northern Insulation is recognized as Canada's largest full-service insulation contractor. GNI is 100% Canadian owned, proudly serving Ontario customers since 1980.

Foam Masters

Do it right the first time
- with foam mastersTM

WALLTITE® ECO™ is a high-performance system, professionally installed by certified and approved specialists. Its C.C.M.C. approved (Canadian Construction Materials Centre) - with product quality guaranteed - and with installation by highly trained experts with the technical know-how to do the job right, the first time.

GreenGuard

The GREENGUARD®
Gold Certification promise

GREENGUARD® Gold Certification ensures the strictest criteria for low-level chemical emissions. Certified products are safe for individuals with sensitivities (children/elderly) and safe for use in school environments and health-care facilities. The product certification is widely recognized by the LEED Rating System (Leadership in Energy/Environmental Design).

Insulthane Extreme

Insulthane® Extreme

For the ultimate in high performance spray foam insulation, Insulthane® Extreme is the professional choice for residential, commercial, and industrial application. With improved thermal performance over other products, Insulthane® Extreme has an exceptionally low Global Warming Potential (GWP). Considered environmentally friendly, this next generation spray foam insulation is non-ozone depleting, and exceeds specifications of other HFC product alternatives.

EcoLogo

ECOLOGOTM:
Multi-attribute product certification

ECOLOGOTM is an accredited sign of environmental performance – holistic – green – sustainable - and compliant with strict, third party standards. Life cycle criteria for product certification may include manufacturing and operations; health and environment; product materials and performance; and product innovation, development, and management.

3M

3MTM products.
Quality + Performance = Savings

3MTM energy-saving products are designed to keep warm air in, and cold air out, while keeping energy bills down. Products optimize energy efficiency in buildings and homes; improve indoor environment for occupants; and effect the reduction of seasonal energy costs. 3M products are authorized for LEED credits (Leadership in Energy/Environmental Design).

Baeumler

Baeumler ApprovedTM
Professional, Certified and Insured

Baeumler ApprovedTM gives you peace of mind when connecting with contractors, trades and home service providers. All Baeumler Approved members have demonstrated high quality work for customers and other trade professionals. Members must also have Workers Compensation, liability insurance of at least $1,000,000 and prove professional certification.

Holmes and Holmes

Holmes and Holmes

 

Mike Holmes and his son Mike Jr. (MJ) convert MJ’s bachelor bungalow into a two-storey home for MJ and his girlfriend Lisa. Choosing the newest materials and build techniques, the father and son team follow Mike’s famous motto – “Make it right.” The show can be watched on HGTV and DIY Network.

Enbridge

Enbridge Incentives

The Energy Conservation Program provides incentives of up to $1,600 to customers who achieve energy efficiency and fuel savings – and Great Northern Insulation can pave the way.

Renomark

Great Northern Insulation proudly abides by a renovation-specific Code of Conduct set by RenoMark™.

eRenovate

We are Verified & Bonded by eRenovate. When you choose to proceed with our services through their platform, you receive the gaurantees set forth through their program.

Please, enter a valid value

Incorrect values!